Augmented reality (AR) is the product of inputting any sensory data into the field of perception to supplement information about the environment and improve the perception of information. The term ‘augmented reality’ was likely coined by Boeing researcher Tom Caudell in 1990.
TTo use AR in production, you need a smartphone, tablet or smart glasses with a video camera and appropriate software. If the camera lens is aimed at an object (machine), the software recognizes it either by a pre-set marker or after analyzing the shape of the object.
After recognizing the object, the software connects to a three-dimensional digital twin of the object, located on the enterprise server or in the cloud.
The AR device then downloads the required information and overlays it on the object image. As a result, the employee can see on their screen (or through glasses) partly physical reality and partly digital. Also, an operator, a supervisor and a technician repairman will see different versions of augmented reality while looking at the same object, depending on their responsibilities. Technicians, in particular, will see the elapsed time or the operating temperature of the equipment unit. Operators may use AR devices to control the object using a touch screen, voice commands or gestures. As the employee moves, the size and orientation of the AR display are automatically adjusted: unnecessary information disappears and new information appears.